Chaotic dynamics and thermodynamics of periodic systems with long-range forces /Show full item record
|Title||Chaotic dynamics and thermodynamics of periodic systems with long-range forces /|
|Description||Ph. D.Texas Christian University2016
Department of Physics and Astronomy; advisor, Bruce N. Miller.
Includes bibliographical references.
Gravitational and electromagnetic interactions form the backbone of our theoretical understanding of the universe. While, in general, such interactions are analytically inexpressible for three-dimensional infinite systems, one-dimensional modeling allows one to treat the long-range forces exactly. Not only are one-dimensional systems of profound intrinsic interest, physicists often rely on one-dimensional models as a starting point in the analysis of their more complicated higher-dimensional counterparts. In the analysis of large systems considered in cosmology and plasma physics, periodic boundary conditions are a natural choice and have been utilized in the study of one dimensional Coulombic and gravitational systems.^Such studies often employ numerical simulations to validate the theoretical predictions, and in cases where theoretical relations have not been mathematically formulated, numerical simulations serve as a powerful method in characterizing the systems physical properties. In this dissertation, analytic techniques are formulated to express the exact phase-space dynamics of spatially-periodic one-dimensional Coulombic and gravitational systems. Closed-form versions of the Hamiltonian and the electric field are derived for single-component and two-component Coulombic systems, placing the two on the same footing as the gravitational counterpart. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that a three-body variant of the spatially-periodic Coulombic or gravitational system may be reduced isomorphically to a periodic system of a single particle in a two-dimensional rhombic potential.^^The analytic results are utilized for developing and implementing efficient computational tools to study the dynamical and the thermodynamic properties of the systems without resorting to numerical approximations. Event-driven algorithms are devised to obtain Lyapunov spectra, radial distribution function, pressure, caloric curve, and Poincare surface of section through an N-body molecular-dynamics approach. The simulation results for the three-body systems show that the motion exhibits chaotic, quasiperiodic, and periodic behaviors in segmented regions of the phase space. The results for the large versions of the single-component and two-component Coulombic systems show no clear-cut indication of a phase transition.^However, as predicted by the theoretical treatment, the simulated temperature dependencies of energy, pressure as well as Lyapunov exponent for the gravitational system indicate a phase transition and the critical temperature obtained in simulation agrees well with that from the theory.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (viewed February 20, 2017).
|Subject||Chaotic behavior in systems.
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- Theses and Dissertations