|dc.description.abstract||Unintentional Falls is the second leading cause of nonfatal injuries in the United States. (U.S.). Sedentary behaviors are at an all-time high in schools leading to children not engaging in enough physical activity throughout their school day. Physical education and recess opportunities have decreased in school for the past ten years, leading to children having motor competence deficits and becoming victims of fall injuries due to the lack of physical activity exposure. A foreign motor competence assessment was identified that allows researchers and physical educators to evaluate motor competence abilities directly related to postural balance abilities called the Körperkoordinationstest fur Kinder (KTK). The KTK has been deemed a valid and reliable assessment tool in other countries but has not been used in the U.S. This raised whether the KTK can be a valid and reliable tool for physical education to evaluate typical and atypical
Our first study examined if the KTK assessment tool is feasible and adaptable to
administer in a U.S. physical education setting. We translated the scoring protocol, procedures,
and scoresheet to administer the KTK in a U.S. physical education setting. We found that the KTK was feasible to administer in a U.S. physical education setting by establishing a KTK implementation strategy, assessment time, and equipment availability. The KTK scoring protocol and procedures were used in Studies 2 and 3 to determine the fidelity of KTK in a U.S. Physical education class and whether recess can impact children's MC abilities. In Study 2, we found that the KTK was a reliable assessment physical educators could administer with fidelity (validity), determining that the KTK is a valuable assessment tool to administer in a U.S. physical education class. In study 3, we found that when children are provided 60 minutes of recess a day can enhance their motor competence abilities compared to children receiving 30 or
20 minutes of recess daily.
In conclusion, the KTK is a valid and reliable assessment tool in the U.S. The KTK can be used as an alternative tool to determine children's motor competence abilities related to postural balance abilities to identify children motor competence abilities. Additionally, recess can be used as an intervention to enhance children's motor competence abilities using the KTK assessment. For example, when children were given 60 minutes of recess daily, it allowed them to enhance their motor competence abilities compared to children receiving 30 or 20 minutes daily over an academic school year.||en_US