Jim Wright was born in Fort Worth in 1922. In 1950, he was elected mayor of Weatherford, Texas. He served in this capacity until he was elected to represent Texas's Twelfth District in the United States House of Representatives in 1954. Wright served in the House for thirty-four years, from 1955 to 1989, and made significant contributions in many legislative areas including foreign relations and public works. Over time, he ascended to leadership positions within the Democratic Party, serving as House Majority Leader from 1976 to 1986 and as Speaker of the House from 1987 to 1989. Wright has authored numerous books and articles, and he currently writes columns and book reviews for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. He taught a course in Political Science at TCU each fall entitled "Topics in American Politics: Congress and the Presidents." Speaker Wright died on May 6, 2015, in Fort Worth.

The papers document Jim Wright's career in the U.S. House of Representatives. The papers include constituent correspondence, correspondence between Wright and his colleagues, subject files, news clippings, speeches, writings, oral history, photographs, and audiovisual material.

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