Atota [electronic resource] : a very promising green fluorophore /Show full item record
|Title||Atota [electronic resource] : a very promising green fluorophore /|
|Author||Doan, Hung The|
|Abstract||Despite the fact that fluorescence community nowadays has invested in developing near-infrared probes, green fluorescence dyes like fluorescein and substitutes are still among the most widely used fluorophores for labeling in cellular imaging and biomedical research. Trioxatriangulenium dye ATOTA+ is a very promising green fluorophore with high extinction coefficient and outstanding fluorescence quantum yield. This study focuses on characterizing ATOTA+s fundamental spectroscopic properties, including fluorescence and orientation of the transition moments. ATOTAs aggregation in aqueous solution and lipid bilayer membrane are also investigated. ATOTA+ has absorption maxima between 470 nm and 476 nm and emission maxima between 496 nm and 511 nm depending on the solvent. The molar extinction coefficient varies from 135,000 mol-1cm-1 in nonpolar dichloromethane to above 90,000 mol-1cm-1 in polar solvents such as methanol. The quantum yield of ATOTA+ is close to 1 in nonpolar DCM and decreases to 0.44 in polar DMF. ATOTA+s fluorescence lifetimes vary between 3.25 ns in aprotic low polarity triacetin to 1.66 ns in polar DMF. Furthermore, both radiative and non-radiative rates are affected by solvent polarity. ATOTA+ has very low water solubility due to the presence of 6 diethyl substitutions, and forms H-aggregates with a blue-shifted absorption maxima around 450 nm and red-shifted emission maxima of 580 nm respectively with fluorescence lifetime above 20 ns. The excitation anisotropy approaches 0.35 at red edge of the absorption spectrum and shape of polarization spectrum suggests the presence of overlapping transition moments in a S0-S1 band which is confirmed by linear dichroism in stretched PVA film. In DMPC lipid vesicles, ATOTA+ forms a tight ion pair with a counter anion and localizes in the hydrocarbon interior. Overall we conclude that ATOTA+ will be a highly useful and superior member of the green fluorophore family.--Abstract.|
|Description||Title from thesis title page (viewed Apr. 25, 2017).
Thesis--Texas Christian University, 2016.
Department of Physics and Astronomy; advisor, Zygmunt K. Gryczynski.
Includes bibliographical references.
Text (electronic thesis) in PDF.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Theses and Dissertations