Inside the New Markets Tax Credit Program: Who is the Real Winner?Show full item record
|Title||Inside the New Markets Tax Credit Program: Who is the Real Winner?|
|Abstract||Congress established the New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program on December 21, 2000, as part of the Community Renewal Tax Relief Act. The purpose of the NMTC program is to encourage investment in low-income communities by providing incentives, in the form of tax credits against federal income taxes, for community development lenders and capital markets that invest in impoverished communities with limited access to capital. While the NMTC Program is unfamiliar to many?even those in the commercial banking field?there are numerous reports both in favor and opposition of the program. Those in favor, such as reports by the NMTC Coalition and Deloitte, argue that the NMTC Program has succeeded in its goal of bridging the gap between low-income community businesses and big banks. Those in favor also argue that the program should be expanded, as it has spurred investment in and brought wealth to low-income communities. Those in opposition of the NMTC Program argue that NMTC projects have become overly complex and thus less transparent, the application process is too lenient, investors receive excessive returns, and there are other governmental funding programs that overlap and ?double-dip? with the NMTC Program. Two noteworthy arguments criticizing the program come from the Government Accountability Office and Senator Tom Coburn. After analyzing arguments both for and against, and conducting additional research, the NMTC Program appears to be functioning as intended; however, there is room for improvement. Legislation to continue and expand NMTC funding is currently pending in both chambers of Congress, which should be approved based on the program?s track record of success. The demand for NMTC funding far exceeds its availability. Thus, increasing the amount of available funding would reduce the need for participants to double-dip.|
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