Edward Burne-Jones, G. E. Street, and the American church in Rome: revivalism, religion, and identityShow full item record
|Title||Edward Burne-Jones, G. E. Street, and the American church in Rome: revivalism, religion, and identity|
|Author||Ptaschinski, Claire Nicole|
|Degree||Master of Arts|
|Abstract||In the 1870s, in Rome, the Americans built a church to accommodate the Protestant community there. With the fall of Papal Rome in 1870, the possibility of building a non-Catholic church arose and the artists as well as intellectuals, who had already established colonies, came together to raise money for an appropriate structure that could compare to those elaborate temples of the Catholic Church that already stood out in the skyline. This church, Saint Paul's within-the-Walls, was carefully planned out and corresponded to the aesthetic and theological sensibilities of the nineteenth century revivalisms. Not only was this church built in the Italian Gothic Revivalist style, it was also decorated in accordance with the blossoming Pre-Raphaelite and Aesthetic Movements. Because of the unique position of these movements in the art world as well as in greater society, the design and decoration of these churches serves as an essential project for exploring the fullest lengths of the ideas of these intellectuals. This thesis explores the artistic, political, and theological ideas which led up to the creation of the American Episcopal church in Rome, Saints Paul's-within-the-Walls. Approaching the topic from a post-secularist standpoint, I argue that the religious ideologies of the American Episcopal congregation are essential to the iconography and stylistic characteristics of the architecture and decoration of this building. Scholars, in the past twenty years, have been arguing that the architect and artists involved in the creation of St. Paul's were progressive and avant-garde. These scholars deny any genuine revivalist or religious motivations for these artists' work."
"Instead, they argue that radical, socio-political ideologies guided the creation of the art of the Pre-Raphaelite artists and Neo-Medievalist architects. In doing so, the work of these artists with explicit religious connotations is cast aside in favor of the works that can be interpreted to promote socialist ideologies. The church of Saint Paul's-within-the-Walls, therefore, has been largely ignored by art historians, who do not see religion as an essential characteristic of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood or Neo-Medievalism. On the contrary, by arguing that religious ideas are fueling these movements and stylistic ideologies, I make the case that the design and decoration of St. Paul's is the essential culmination of these artistic and architectural movements. In doing so, I offer a post-secularist revision to the interpretation of the revivalist movements that shaped the American church of St. Paul's-within-the-Walls
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Masters Theses