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dc.creatorCampbell, Matthew A.
dc.creatorHale, Matthew C.
dc.creatorMcKinney, Garrett J.
dc.creatorNichols, Krista M.
dc.creatorPearse, Devon E.
dc.description.abstractWhole-genome duplications (WGDs) have occurred repeatedly and broadly throughout the evolutionary history of eukaryotes. However, the effects of WGD on genome function and evolution remain unclear. The salmonid WGD that occurred approximately 88 million years ago presents an excellent opportunity for studying the effects of WGD as ~10-15% of each salmonid genome still exhibits tetrasomic inheritance. Herein, we utilized the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) genome assembly and brain transcriptome data to examine the fate of gene pairs (ohnologs) following the salmonid whole-genome duplication. We find higher sequence identity between ohnologs located within known tetrasomic regions than between ohnologs found in disomic regions, and that tetrasomically inherited ohnologs showed greater similarity in patterns of gene expression and per ohnolog were lower expressed, than disomically inherited ohnologs. Enrichment testing for Gene Ontology terms identified 49 over-represented terms in tetrasomically inherited ohnologs compared to disomic ohnologs. However, why these ohnologs are retained as tetrasomic is difficult to answer. It could be that we have identified salmonid specific "dangerous duplicates", that is, genes that cannot take on new roles following WGD. Alternatively, there may be adaptive advantages for retaining genes as functional duplicates in tetrasomic regions, as presumably, movement of these genes into disomic regions would affect both their sequence identity and their gene expression patterns.
dc.publisherG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
dc.sourceG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
dc.subjectDifferential Gene Expression
dc.titleLong-Term Conservation of Ohnologs Through Partial Tetrasomy Following Whole-Genome Duplication in Salmonidae
dc.rights.holderMatthew A. Campbell et al.
dc.rights.licenseCC BY 4.0
local.collegeCollege of Science and Engineering
local.personsHale (BIOL)

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