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dc.creatorCrawford, Charles
dc.creatorBurns, Ronald
dc.description.abstractSchool culture and violence have garnered much public and scholarly attention in recent years. Research in the area has focused on the extent to which strict enforcement of school policies and the law results in safer schools. Other research focuses on providing more supportive, less enforcement-oriented environments for students. We advance this work by using a sample of 2092 respondents from public schools in the United States from the 2015-2016 school survey on crime and safety from the Department of Education. There were several statistically significant supportive practices that reduced violent incidents and disciplinary actions for violence, and the findings generally suggest that punitive policies were not effective in increasing campus safety while controlling for relevant security practices and school contextual variables.
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.sourceSocial Sciences
dc.subjectschool culture
dc.subjectschool violence
dc.subjectschool safety
dc.subjectschool resource officers
dc.titleSupport or Punishment Practices: What Works to Reduce School Violence
dc.rights.holder2020 Crawford et al
dc.rights.licenseCC BY 4.0
local.collegeAddRan College of Liberal Arts
local.departmentCriminal Justice
local.personsBurns (Criminal Justice)

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