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dc.creatorPrajapati, Suman
dc.creatorSingh, Bhupendra
dc.creatorKumar, Sunil
dc.creatorSingh, Bhartendu Kumar
dc.creatorQuarles, C. A.
dc.creatorShanker, R.
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-08T14:30:50Z
dc.date.available2021-07-08T14:30:50Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/atoms8040072
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.tcu.edu/handle/116099117/47482
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2218-2004/8/4/72
dc.description.abstractNew results are reported on the measurements of absolute double differential cross sections (DDCSs) of bremsstrahlung produced from 4.0 keV electrons incident on free Ar atoms in the angular detection range of 45 degrees-120 degrees. A significant reduction of the thick target bremsstrahlung (TTB) of the chamber wall and of the photon transmission windows has been achieved by modifying the experimental set-up used previously; a large reduction of TTB in the present experiments is supported by the results of our model calculations for the ratio of TTB background to the normal bremsstrahlung (NB) spectrum carried out for the employed geometry of the experimental set-up. The results of photon energy distribution measured at different angles and those of angular distributions of photons of a given energy are compared with theoretical predictions of Kissel-Quarles-Pratt (KQP) theory for ordinary bremsstrahlung and with predictions of total bremsstrahlung including polarization bremsstrahlung (PBS) of the stripping approximation (SA). A satisfactory agreement observed between experiment and predictions using SA theory for absolute DDCSs of bremsstrahlung provides evidence for an appreciable contribution of polarization bremsstrahlung at the considered impact energy of electrons on one hand, while on the other hand, it exhibits a large discrepancy (about a factor of 2) in DDCSs of bremsstrahlung photons obtained by experiment and by KQP theory for photon energy distributions at all detection angles measured in these experiments. In addition, present results of the angular dependence of photons of different energies show anisotropic distributions and they are found to be in reasonable agreement with both KQP and SA theories. The satisfactory agreement between experiment and theory for angular distributions is an indication of a significant reduction of the background produced from TTB photons.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceAtoms
dc.subjectangular distributionsen_US
dc.subjectordinary bremsstrahlungen_US
dc.subjectpolarization bremsstrahlungen_US
dc.subjectstripping approximationen_US
dc.subjectthick target bremsstrahlungen_US
dc.titleAbsolute Double Differential Cross Sections of Bremsstrahlung Produced from 4.0 keV Electrons Incident on Free Ar Atomsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holder2020 by the authors
dc.rights.licenseCC BY 4.0
local.collegeCollege of Science and Engineering
local.departmentPhysics & Astronomy
local.personsQuarles (PHYS)


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