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dc.creatorEmil, Mustafa Kemal
dc.creatorSultan, Mohamed
dc.creatorAlakhras, Khaled
dc.creatorSataer, Guzalay
dc.creatorGozi, Sabreen
dc.creatorAl-Marri, Mohammed
dc.creatorGebremichael, Esayas
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-08T14:30:50Z
dc.date.available2021-07-08T14:30:50Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/rs13040702
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.tcu.edu/handle/116099117/47485
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/13/4/702
dc.description.abstractOver the past few decades the country of Qatar has been one of the fastest growing economies in the Middle East; it has witnessed a rapid increase in its population, growth of its urban centers, and development of its natural resources. These anthropogenic activities compounded with natural forcings (e.g., climate change) will most likely introduce environmental effects that should be assessed. In this manuscript, we identify and assess one of these effects, namely, ground deformation over the entire country of Qatar. We use the Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) InSAR time series approach in conjunction with ALOS Palsar-1 (January 2007 to March 2011) and Sentinel-1 (March 2017 to December 2019) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) datasets to assess ground deformation and conduct spatial and temporal correlations between the observed deformation with relevant datasets to identify the controlling factors. The findings indicate: (1) the deformation products revealed areas of subsidence and uplift with high vertical velocities of up to 35 mm/yr; (2) the deformation rates were consistent with those extracted from the continuously operating reference GPS stations of Qatar; (3) many inland and coastal sabkhas (salt flats) showed evidence for uplift (up to 35 mm/yr) due to the continuous evaporation of the saline waters within the sabkhas and the deposition of the evaporites in the surficial and near-surficial sabkha sediments; (4) the increased precipitation during Sentinel-1 period compared to the ALOS Palsar-1 period led to a rise in groundwater levels and an increase in the areas occupied by surface water within the sabkhas, which in turn increased the rate of deposition of the evaporitic sediments; (5) high subsidence rates (up to 14 mm/yr) were detected over landfills and dumpsites, caused by mechanical compaction and biochemical processes; and (6) the deformation rates over areas surrounding known sinkhole locations were low (+/-2 mm/yr). We suggest that this study can pave the way to similar countrywide studies over the remaining Arabian Peninsula countries and to the development of a ground motion monitoring system for the entire Arabian Peninsula.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceRemote Sensing
dc.subjectInSARen_US
dc.subjectground deformationen_US
dc.subjectQataren_US
dc.subjectmonitoringen_US
dc.subjectsabkhaen_US
dc.subjectsinkholeen_US
dc.subjectlandfillen_US
dc.subjectarid environmentsen_US
dc.titleCountrywide Monitoring of Ground Deformation Using InSAR Time Series: A Case Study from Qataren_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holder2021 by the authors
dc.rights.licenseCC BY 4.0
local.collegeCollege of Science and Engineering
local.departmentGeological Sciences
local.personsGebremichael (GEOL)


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