Optimal Spectrum Sensing-Access Policy in Energy Harvesting Cognitive Radio Sensor NetworksShow full item record
Optimal Spectrum Sensing-Access Policy in Energy Harvesting Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks
Zhang, Fan; Jing, Tao; Huo, Yan; Ma, Liran
In this paper, we introduce energy harvesting into a cognitive radio sensor network to power the network with renewable energy sources so as to achieve self-sustainability of energy-limited sensors. In our work, the cognitive radio technology enable sensors access to the underutilized spectrum for the purpose of coping with the spectrum-scarcity problem in the unlicensed band. Using centralized cooperative spectrum sensing, a set of cognitive sensors is chosen from candidate sensors with different received primary users' signal powers and energy-arrival rates. After detecting the state of a primary channel, we also need to determine which cognitive sensor can get to access the primary channel as well as the power level to be used upon the transmission. The above sensing-access design problem is formulated as an infinite-horizon partially observable Markov decision process, in which the primary goal is to maximize the long-term expected throughput. Through using a value iteration approach, we propose an optimal sensing-access policy. At last, numerical results are presented to verify the superiority of our proposed policy to the existing policy.