Effects of moderate sleep restriction during 8-week calorie restriction on lipoprotein particles and glucose metabolismShow full item record
|Title||Effects of moderate sleep restriction during 8-week calorie restriction on lipoprotein particles and glucose metabolism|
|Author||Sparks JR; Porter RR; Youngstedt SD; Bowyer KP; Durstine JL; Wang X|
|Abstract||Study Objectives: This study examined how glucose, glucose regulatory hormones, insulin sensitivity, and lipoprotein subclass particle concentrations and sizes change with sleep restriction during weight loss elicited by calorie restriction. Methods: Overweight or obese adults were randomized into an 8-week calorie restriction intervention alone (CR, n = 12; 75% female; body mass index = 31.4 ± 2.9 kg/m2) or combined with sleep restriction (CR+SR, n = 16; 75% female; body mass index = 34.5 ± 3.1 kg/m2). Participants in both groups were given the same instructions to reduce calorie intake. Those in the CR+SR group were instructed to reduce their habitual time-in-bed by 30-90 minutes 5 days each week with 2 ad libitum sleep days. Fasting venous blood samples were collected at pre- and post-intervention. Results: Differential changes were found between the two groups (p = 0.028 for group × time interaction) in glucagon concentration, which decreased in the CR group (p = 0.016) but did not change in CR+SR group. Although changes in mean HDL particle (HDL-P) size and visfatin concentration were not statistically different between groups (p = 0.066 and 0.066 for group×time interaction, respectively), mean HDL-P size decreased only in the CR+SR group (Cohen's d = 0.50, p = 0.022); visfatin concentrations did not change significantly in either group but appeared to decrease in the CR group (Cohen's d = 0.67, p = 0.170) but not in the CR+SR group (Cohen's d = 0.43, p = 0.225). Conclusion: These results suggest that moderate sleep restriction, despite the presence of periodic ad libitum sleep, influences lipoprotein subclass particles and glucose regulation in individuals undergoing calorie restriction.Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02413866, Weight Outlooks by Restriction of Diet and Sleep).|
|Subject||catch-up sleep; glucagon; lipoprotein particles; sleep restriction; visfatin; weight loss|
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