Long march to Vicksburg [electronic resource] : soldier and civilian interaction in the Vicksburg campaign /Show full item record
|Title||Long march to Vicksburg [electronic resource] : soldier and civilian interaction in the Vicksburg campaign /|
|Author||Dossman, Steven Nathaniel|
|Description||Title from dissertation title page (viewed May 8, 2012).
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Texas Christian University, 2012.
Department of History; advisor, Steven Woodworth.
Includes bibliographical references.
Text (electronic thesis) in PDF.
The Vicksburg campaign marked a key transitional phase of Union policy toward white Southern civilians. Initially, Northern military commanders instituted a conciliatorily approach to Southern civilians and property, but by late 1862 this policy had evolved to a pragmatic form of warfare that allowed stricter measures but still attempted to limit the physical and monetary damage inflicted upon civilians. In the Mississippi River Valley in early 1863, Major General Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee perfected a punitive policy concerning civilians known to historians as "hard war," which authorized the destruction of all Confederate economic and transportation resources. This dissertation examines the creation of hard war policy by the lower ranks of the Union army and concludes that the Army of the Tennessee developed hard war before other Union armies due to to its deeper penetration of the Lower South. The campaign against Vicksburg transformed the way in which the war impacted the civilian population of the South. The drastic amount of damage inflicted upon the population and infrastructure by Grant's decision to forage intensely and deprive opposing armies of sustenance effectively removed this area from the conflict and created the means that would enable the Union to win the war in the next two years. The Vicksburg campaign cemented the transition from pragmatic to hard war in the western theater, from which it would later spread throughout the Confederacy in 1864.
|Subject||Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885 Military leadership.
United States. Army of the Tennessee.
Vicksburg (Miss.) History Siege, 1863.
United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Social aspects.
Confederate States of America History.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Theses and Dissertations